Cytokines in Papaya Leaf Tell the Body about Cancer


“Fig. 1. A model of tumor-suppressing inflammation. Th1 lymphocytes and M1 macrophages are the primary sources of pro-inflammatory cytokines that also promote cancer immunosurveillance and cytotoxicity.”

Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) – Reviews on Cancer
April 2014, Vol.1845(2):182–201, doi:10.1016/j.bbcan.2014.01.004
Open Access, Creative Commons license
Tumor-induced perturbations of cytokines and immune cell networks ☆
Brett BurkholderRen-Yu HuangRuo-Pan Huang

Papaya Leaf Tea has been shown to have effect on cancer based on this signaling by cytokines.

Aqueous extract of Carica papaya leaves exhibits anti-tumor activity and immunomodulatory effects.
Otsuki N, et al. J Ethnopharmacol. 2010.